Mandating the human papillomavirus


HPV infections are so common that nearly all men and women will get at least one type of HPV at some point in their lives.Most people never know that they have been infected and may give HPV to a sex partner without knowing it.In last night's GOP presidential candidates debate, Rep. Rick Perry for his 2007 legislation mandating, through an executive order, that the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine be given to young girls in his state. "It's a violation of a liberty interest." The HPV vaccine protects against strains of HPV that cause cervical cancer. And to have innocent little 12-year-old girls be forced to have a government injection through an executive order is just flat-out wrong," Bachmann said during the debate.Gardasil is designed to protect against infections with four of about 40 genital tract HPVs, types 16, 18, 6, and 11.HPV 16 and HPV 18 are responsible for about 70 percent of invasive cervical cancers and for a larger majority of the HPV-related cancers at other sites [1,2].

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Most people with HPV never develop symptoms or health problems.

Most HPV infections (9 out of 10) go away by themselves within two years.

We asked experts to weigh in on the question: "Should the HPV vaccine be mandatory for girls ages 11 to 12 in the United States? " Here are their responses: Arthur Caplan, bioethicist at the University of Pennsylvania: "Yes.

The data show that the vaccine is safe and effective. And mandates still permit people to opt out if they don't want their child vaccinated, as we have for all other 'mandates' — a fact somehow lost in the ignorant comments from GOP candidates about HPV vaccines [last night]." Dr.

The recognition that invasive carcinoma of the uterine cervix is the end result of some genital tract human papillomavirus (HPV) infections and the development of prophylactic vaccines to prevent these infections are major recent achievements of public health medicine.

The quadrivalent Gardasil HPV vaccine from Merck & Co., Inc., was licensed by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in June 2006 and was subsequently recommended by the Advisory Council on Immunization Practices (ACIP) for vaccination of adolescent girls and young women.

Most of the time, people get HPV from having vaginal and/or anal sex.

Men and women can also get HPV from having oral sex or other sex play.

HPV is a sexually transmitted infection that, if it doesn’t go away on its own, can lead to cancer.

Practically all cervical cancer is caused by HPV, mainly from a strain covered by the vaccine.

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