Although it was later proved that Eleftheria Dimopoulou and Christos Sali were looking after Maria with the permission of her Bulgarian birth mother, authorities formally removed all guardianship rights from the couple last October.A prosecutor noticed that the pale-skinned little girl bore little resemblance to the couple looking after her - with the case going on to make worldwide headlines as rumours raged that she may have been abducted from a non-Roma family.Marriages were usually arranged by the parents; professional matchmakers were reluctantly used.Each city was politically independent, with its own laws affecting marriage. For the marriage to be legal, the woman's father or guardian gave permission to a suitable male who could afford to marry. The couple participated in a ceremony which included rituals such as veil removal but the couple living together made the marriage legal.Athena, the goddess of wisdom and patron of Athens stands out as a powerful figure blessed with intelligence, courage and honour.The institution of marriage in ancient Greece encouraged responsibility in personal relationships.Blonde-haired, blue-eyed 'Maria' (centre) was taken into custody after a couple claiming to be her parents - Eleftheria Dimopoulou, 40 (left), and Christos Salis, 39 (right) - were arrested on suspicion of child abduction According to The Independent's Nathalie Savaricas, Smile of the Child has not yet received official confirmation of the verdict, but staff say they have been informally told that the charity will now responsible for her care until adulthood.
Athenian women had limited right to property and therefore were not considered full citizens, as citizenship and the entitlement to civil and political rights was defined in relation to property and the means to life.
Nurses had the primary care of the baby and did not coddle it.
Soldiers took the boys from their mothers at age 7, housed them in a dormitory with other boys and trained them as soldiers.
For example, they had to do physical training like men, were permitted to own land, and could drink wine.
There were also categories of women which are less well-documented than others such as professional women who worked in shops and as prostitutes and courtesans; the social rules and customs applied to them are even more vague than for the female members of citizen families.
Solon also seems to have viewed marriage as a matter of social and political importance; we are told that his laws allowed agamiou graphe, though the regulation seems to have grown obsolete in later times; in any case, there is no instance on record of its application.
The status and characteristics of ancient and modern-day women in Greece evolved from the events that occurred in the history of Greece.
Neither are we sure of the practical and everyday application of the rules and laws that have survived from antiquity.
We do know that Spartan women were treated somewhat differently than in other states.
One example of the legal importance of marriage can be found in the laws of Lycurgus of Sparta, which required that criminal proceedings be taken against those who married too late (graphe opsigamiou) The Spartans considered teknopoioia (childbearing) as the main object of marriage.
This resulted in the suggestion that, whenever a woman had no children by her own husband, the state ought to allow her to live with another man.