This element is locked in tiny zircons within the granite. While it stays within the zircon for a period of time, being a very small atom, helium escapes the zircon within a few thousand years.
When creation scientists studied granite samples, they made interesting discoveries.
By looking at the ratio of carbon-12 to carbon-14 in the sample and comparing it to the ratio in a living organism, it is possible to determine the age of a formerly living thing fairly precisely. So, if you had a fossil that had 10 percent carbon-14 compared to a living sample, then that fossil would be: t = [ ln (0.10) / (-0.693) ] x 5,700 years t = [ (-2.303) / (-0.693) ] x 5,700 years t = [ 3.323 ] x 5,700 years Because the half-life of carbon-14 is 5,700 years, it is only reliable for dating objects up to about 60,000 years old.
However, the principle of carbon-14 dating applies to other isotopes as well.
When an organism dies it ceases to replenish carbon in its tissues and the decay of carbon 14 to nitrogen 14 changes the ratio of carbon 12 to carbon 14.
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) Gen1Denying Evolution Evolution=Millions Of Years Your Imagination 2 Peter 3:5 "For this they are willingly ignorant of, that by the Word of God the heavens were of old, and the earth standing out of the water and in the water:" New Light on Radiometric Dating (Creation Moments.com)Most people find the subject of radiometric dating too technical to understand.
Libby and coworkers, and it has provided a way to determine the ages of different materials in archeology, geology, geophysics, and other branches of science.
Some examples of the types of material that radiocarbon can determine the ages of are wood, charcoal, marine and freshwater shell, bone and antler, and peat and organic-bearing sediments.
Carbon-14 dating can be used on objects ranging from a few hundred years old to 50,000 years old.
Libby and others (University of Chicago) devised a method of estimating the age of organic material based on the decay rate of carbon-14.
Anything that dies after the 1940s, when Nuclear bombs, nuclear reactors and open-air nuclear tests started changing things, will be harder to date precisely.
Archaeologists use the exponential, radioactive decay of carbon 14 to estimate the death dates of organic material.
The ratio of carbon-12 to carbon-14 at the moment of death is the same as every other living thing, but the carbon-14 decays and is not replaced.
The carbon-14 decays with its half-life of 5,700 years, while the amount of carbon-12 remains constant in the sample.